Types Of Diabetic Neuropathy

by ryan on July 17, 2017

Types Of Diabetic Neuropathy

Diabetes Mellitus, the full name for diabetes, is now recognised as a disease. It can be triggered by a virus or even inherited. One of the things it can lead to is known as Diabetic Neuropathy. This is a cluster of nerve damage caused by the disease diabetes which is a common complication of the disease diabetes. Basically, it causes injuries to the nerves responsible for feeling sensation and can be the result of blood glucose level being too high for too long for the body to cope.

Signs Of The Disease.

Diabetic Neuropathy can lead to numbness, weakness and even pain in moving areas of the body – namely hands, arms, feet and legs. It can also occur in any organ of the body and can affect systems in the body like cardiovascular, gastrointestinal and reproductive. It seems to affect in particular people who have a hard time controlling their blood sugar levels, those with high blood pressure or cholesterol, those who are overweight and people over 40 years old.

Common Types Of Diabetic Neuropathy

1 Peripheral
This is the most widespread of diabetic neuropathy. It is also called distal symmetric neuropathy. As it’s name peripheral suggests, it involves the outer parts of the main body or torso – namely arms and legs, toes and feet, hands and arms. There is usually pain or loss of feeling in these areas. Sometimes both pain and loss of sensation occurs.

2. Autonomic
This type tends to affect the working parts of the body that are almost automatic. It is responsible for changes in the digestion, sexual response, bowel and bladder function, and perspiration. It also affects the nerves in the heart and the control in blood pressure. There is always a danger that this can lead to hypoglycaemia where the person involved will not be aware of any warning signs that they are suffering from low blood sugar. This is why it is so imperative that diabetics should follow a balanced diet to keep their sugar levels at the right levels. There are many such recipes and meal choices readily available on the internet.

3. Proximal
Proximal Neuropathy can also cause pain in the thighs, hips and buttocks. Usually, the pain begins on one side only but it can vary. It often leads to leg weakness and the common treatment for this is physical therapy and medication. Recovery varies from person to person and is dependant on the type and degree of nerve damage.

4. Focal
This last type can result in sudden weakness of a specific nerve or bundle of nerves that can cause muscles pain or even weakness. It often affects the head, leg and torso. Sometimes it can cause eye pain, double vision, Bell’s Palsy, or even paralysis of one side of the face. This type of diabetic neuropathy is often unpredictable. However, it is thought to be self-limiting and not usual to cause long term damage.

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